Reflections, Misconceptions and Other Issues in Plant Breeding Applications: From Sparsity to Sparse Testing, Noise Prediction and Other Unexplored TopicsDIEGO JARQUÍN
Research Assistant Professor, Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska–Lincoln
New technologies enable us to collect multiple types of sources of information that were not available before. The utilization and integration of these data require the development of new methodology to cope with the complexity of the data. In this presentation, we introduce some new techniques that can potentially be deployed to leverage already existing plant breeding applications.
Developing and Applying Genomic Tools for Soybean ImprovementDAVID HYTEN
Associate Professor and Haskins Professor of Plant Genetics, Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska–Lincoln
To keep up with world demand, soybean needs to increase its rate of genetic gain for key agronomic traits and to consistently produce high yields across diverse environments. Hyten will discuss genomic tools and resources being developed to assist soybean breeders along with his lab’s work in understanding the genetics underlying yield stability.
Developing Strategies for Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance of Photosynthetic Apparatus in Crops Grown for Food and FuelsKATARZYNA GLOWACKA
Assistant Professor, Biochemistry, University of Nebraska–Lincoln
Glowacka's lab uses photosynthesis research, image analyses, genetics and synthetic biology to improve abiotic stress tolerance in crops. Particularly, they focus on kinetics of nonphotochemical quenching as one of the first defenses from the formation of oxidative stress during high light, chilling, drought and deficit of nitrogen.
Connecting Root Exudate Variation in Corn to Microbial Recruitment and GrowthTESSA DURHAM BROOKS
Associate Professor of Biology, Doane University, Crete
Video will not be available for this seminar.
Root exudates are complex mixtures making up a chemical language for recruiting and establishing beneficial rhizosphere microbes. Rhizosphere microbes, in turn, help maintain the long-term health of the plant. Durham Brooks will highlight metabolomics and image-based approaches her lab and collaborators are using to begin to decipher these chemical messages.
Screening for Early Warnings of Large-scale Vegetation TransitionsDIRAC TWIDWELL
Associate Professor, Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska–Lincoln
Screening is a strategy for detecting undesirable change prior to known symptoms or adverse effects. Screening is commonplace in medicine, yet has not been implemented in ecosystem management to prevent detrimental transitions that impact ecosystem service delivery. We link advancements in spatial resilience theory, data computational capabilities, and technology to detect, image, and track vegetation transitions at local, state, and national levels.
USDA – Achieving More Together: Partnership Success Between UNL and the Natural Resources Conservation Service and Future OpportunitiesNEIL DOMINY
State Soil Scientist, Partnerships and Initiatives, USDA–NRCS
NRCS has formed successful partnerships with the University of Nebraska–Lincoln resulting in exciting outcomes. Learn how this partnership is extending NRCS’ mission of "Helping People Help the Land" by bringing natural resource conservation practices together with sound science. Hear specific examples of collaborative efforts between NRCS and Nebraska, and opportunities for future partnerships, including employment within USDA.
Molecular Switches in Plant Sulfur and Redox MetabolismJOSEPH JEZ
Chair, Spencer T. Olin Professor of Biology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor, Biology, Washington University in St. Louis
The regulation of plant thiol metabolism highlights nature’s ability to engineer pathways that respond to multiple inputs and cellular demands using mechanisms that range from the simple to the elaborate. The role of redox environment as a regulatory factor mediated by thiol-based control mechanisms govern the biochemical activity of different steps in these pathways.
Metabolic Engineering of Lignin for Advancing Agricultural Sustainability and the New BioeconomyRICHARD DIXON
Distinguished Research Professor, BioDiscovery Institute, Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton
The result of many years of work on the biosynthesis of lignin and collaboration with a commercial partner has resulted in the release of low lignin alfalfa with superior forage quality and management characteristics. However, economic considerations support valorization, rather than simple removal, of lignin for biorefining. To this end, we are working on the biosynthesis and engineering of novel lignins with favorable properties for conversion to bioproducts.